Literacy is a PROCESS, not a PRODUCT
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How to Cite

McKnight, K. (2019). Literacy is a PROCESS, not a PRODUCT. The Superintendent Journal, 1(2), 2. Retrieved from


Paula Maeker, a skilled literacy expert, made this declaration as she and I spoke passionately

about empowering teachers at a conference last summer. Her statement, “Literacy is a process

not a product,” is spot on. So often the pressures to increase student performance on standardized

assessments pressures educators to gravitate toward programs that promise student literacy gains.

These programs are expensive and gobble up precious dollars – and they frequently do it in

schools that already struggle with limited resources. Many of these reading programs overwhelm

instruction rather than enhance it. If we want to witness real results, the solution is improving


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