The era of high stakes testing and accountability reached new heights under the federal legislative authority of “No Child Left Behind”. As a result, schools today continue to be held to scrupulous measures of accountability for the success of all children. Thus, teacher performance is non-negotiable. Ironically, many policy makers and school leaders have not stopped to measure the impact that the more aggressive push for achievement has had on teachers. If higher expectations and levels of performance are to become the norm, then the constituents must possess the ability to produce the desired outcomes. This ability is called “efficacy”.